ANALYSIS OF CHEMICAL COMPOSI TION OF THE MOST EFFICIENT ESSENTIAL OILS TOWARDS ENTEROCOCCUS FAECALIS REFERENT STRAIN ATCC 29212 AND CLINICAL ISOLATES

Jelena Bogojević, Miloš Nikolić, Tatjana Marković, Ana Ćirić, Dejan Marković

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5937/leksir1636003B

Abstract


Twenty one essential oils (EOs) documented their significant antimicrobial effect with regard to our pre–set criterion of the Minimal Inhibitory Concentration (MIC ≤ 200 μL / mL) of EOs towards Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC 29212 and or clinical isolates); the best effect MIC 0.4 μL / mL (approx. 0.26 μg / mL) achieved Satureja horvatii L. EO, while the EOs with the lowest antimicrobial efficacy were Rosmarinus officinalis L. and Achilea milefolium L., both with MIC s160.0 μg / mL. Analysis of the MIC values within the groups revealed that ATCC strain of E. faecalis is generally lower, ranging from 0.26 to 156 μg / mL, in comparison to those for clinical isolateswhich ranged from 10 to 160 μg / mL. Twelve 12 components that are common in EOs whith MIC s ≤ 200 μg / mL in testings towards both, the clinical  and  referent  strains  are  given  in  descending  order  according  to number of oils they are present in: trans–β–caryophyllene  (13) > myrcene (8)> α–pinene (8) > linalool (7) > p–cymene (7) > borneol (7) > geraniol (6) > camphene  (6) > limonene  (5) > 1,8– cineol  (5) > γ –terpinene  (5) > α–terpinene (4). Comparison of EO constituents reviled that only, geraniol and 1,8–cineol, contributed with ≥ 10 % to more than one EO (MIC 0.3–200 μg / mL) efficient against both E. faecalis strains. Thirteen components in 11 EOs with MIC ≤ 200 µg / mL towards ATCC 29212 were representative based on their contents in EOs: eugenol 82.9 % > thymol 63.7 % > hexadecanoic acid 47.8 % > menthol 46.6 % > cis–b–ocimene 44.2 % > geranial 42.1 % > trans–β–caryophyllene  40.8 % > citronellal  36.7 % > α–pinene  31.2 % > neral 30.5 % > α–eudesmol 22.4 % > citronellol 13.1 % > menthone 11.3 %. Following seven components, representative in 10 EOs with MIC ≤ 200 µg / mL towards clinical isolates, are presented in order of their contribution to EOs: phenylethyl alcohol 57.7 % > geranial 32.9 % > neral 22.2 % > p– cymene 20 % > carvacrol 14 % > α–pinene 11.5 % > linalool 11.4 %. Out of 21 highly efficient EOs selected in this study, six EOs proved to be the most efficient (MIC ≤ 30 μg / mL ); three oils in control of E.faecalis ATCC strain (Satureja horvatii, Mentha pulegium and Rosmarinus  officinalis) and other three  in control of E. faecalis clinical isolates (Leptospermum petersonii, Thymus algeriensis,  Thymus serpyllum).  Thymol is a major component  in three out of the six aforementioned most efficient EOs. The aim of our study was to investigate differences in efficacy of selected EOs that proved to possess great antimicrobial activity, towards the referent strain ATCC 29212 and clinical isolates of E. faecalis on, and to estimate which of their constituents might contribute to desired activity, as “markers compunds”.


Keywords


Essential oil; Enterococcus faecalis; clinical isolates; ATCC 29212; antimicrobials

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References


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