SEEDS AND FLOWERS OF CHESTNUT TREES IN URBAN AREAS: A MUNICIPAL WASTE OR A RAW MATERIAL?

Zoran Maksimović, Jelena Arsenijević, Jelena Novaković, Danica Agbaba, Saša Janković, Marijana Ćurčić, Biljana Antonijević

Abstract


This study deals with the examination of total aescin content in flowers and seeds of Aesculus hippocastanum L. and Aesculus x carnea Hayne (Hippocastanaceae), collected in urban areas, as well as the content of Pb, Cd and Hg as an indicator of potential aerial pollution. Aescin identification was performed by TLC. Total aescin content was determined by UV-VIS spectrophotometry and HPTLC densitometry. The contents of Pb, Cd and Hg was determined by AAS. The concentration of aescin varied in a wide range between 0.17% (A. hippocastanum hulls) and 2.95% (A. hippocastanum cotyledons), as determined by spectrophotometric assay. Slightly lower results were recorded in HPTLC densitometry assay, ranging from 0,10% (the hulls of both plant species) to 2.39% (A. x carnea cotyledons). The extractable matter yield was between 5% and 26%, with a high share of total aescin (5% - 13%, depending on the source). The levels of Pb, Cd and Hg both in the plant material and the extracts remained low, indicating that the health safety of the plant specimens was not compromised. Our results suggest that the seeds and flowers of Chestnut trees in urban areas could be considered as a raw material for chemical and pharmaceutical industry in Serbia.


Keywords


Aesculus hippocastanum L.,; Aesculus x carnea Hayne,; aescin; health safety; spectrophotometry; HPTLC densitometry; AAS

Full Text:

PDF

References


E. Vukićević (1982): Dekorativna dendrologija, drugo dopunjeno izdanje, IŠRO „Privredno finansijski vodič“, Beograd.

H.W. Lack (2002): The Discovery and Rediscovery of the Horse Chestnut, Arnoldia 61, No. 4, 15-19.

R. Jančić, D. Stojanović (2008): Ekonomska botanika, Zavod za udžbenike, Beograd.

J.E. Robbers, V.E. Tyler VE (1999): Tyler's herbs of choice - the therapeutic use of phytomedicinals, Haworth Herbal Press, New York.

V. Schulz, R. Hansel, V.E. Tyler (1997): Rational Phytotherapy - A Physicians’ Guide to Herbal Medicine, Springer, Berlin, 1997.

European Medicines Agency, Herbal medicines for human use (2009): Community Herbal Monograph on Aesculus hippocastanum L., semen.

H. Schilcher (1997): Phytotherapy in Paediatrics - Handbook for Physicians and Pharmacists, Medpharm Scientific Publishers, Stuttgart.

C.R. Sirtori (2001): Aescin: pharmacology, pharmacokinetics and therapeutic profile, Pharmacological Research, 44 (3), 183-193.

Deutsches Arzneibuch, 10th ed. (1991): Deutscher Apotheker Verlag, Stuttgart.

A. Constantini (1999): Escin in pharmaceutical oral dosage forms: quantitative densitometric HPTLC determination, Il Farmaco 54, 728-732.

J. Živković, S. Ražić, J. Arsenijević, Z. Maksimović (2012): Heavy metal contents in Veronica species and soil from mountainous areas in Serbia, Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society 77(7), 959–970.

I. Kosalec, J. Cvek, S. Tomić (2009): Contaminants of medicinal herbs and herbal products, Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju 60, 485-501.

WHO guidelines for assessing quality of herbal medicines with reference to contaminants and residues (2007): World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

U. Gasser, B. Klier, A.V. Kühn, B. Steinhoff (2009): Current Findings on the Heavy Metal Content in Herbal Drugs, Pharmeuropa Scientific Notes 2009(1), 37-50.

Z. Maksimović (2012): Kulturno-istorijski preduslovi za nastanak i razvoj Gradskog parka u Vršcu, In: Gradski park u Vršcu – simbol i svedok nekih prošlih vremena (D. Maksimović and B. Guzina eds), Građanski parlament, Društvo ljubitelja Gradskog parka u Vršcu, Vršac.

J. Bogner, A.M. Abdelrafie, C. Diaz, A. Faaij, Q. Gao, S. Hashimoto, K. Mareckova, R. Pipatti, T. Zhang (2007), Waste Management, In Climate Change 2007: Mitigation. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (B. Metz, O.R. Davidson, P.R. Bosch, R. Dave, L.A. Meyer eds.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.

Government of the Republic of Serbia (2010), The National Waste Management Strategy for the period 2010-2019, Official Gazette of RS No. 29/2010.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Zoran Maksimović, Jelena Arsenijević, Jelena Novaković, Danica Agbaba, Saša Janković, Marijana Ćurčić, Biljana Antonijević



ISSN 0455-6224 (Print)
ISSN 2560-3965 (Online)

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, the content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.