Katarina Šavikin, Nebojša Menković, Mihailo Ristić, Ivana Arsić, Gordana Zdunić, Sofija Đorđević, Nada Ćujić, Dejan Pljevljakušić


Essential oil of chamomile [Chamomilla recutita (L.) Rausch. syn. Matricaria chamomilla L., Asteraceae], also known as oil of German or Hungarian chamomile, is obtained by steam distillation of fresh (or partially dried) flowers and stems. Depending on various factors, essential oil yield ranges from 0.3 to 1.0%. The oil is usually clear, blue, viscous liquid, with intense, heavy scent of chamomile herbal and bitter-aromatic flavor. The essential oil contains a variety of pharmacologically active substances, where α-bisabolol, its oxides, chamazulene spiroethers and certainly the most important. It is used in the production and standardization of certain pharmaceutical and cosmetic products. This paper presents the results of the chemical analysis of essential oils of chamomile, variety Banatska, received at the facility for the extraction and distillation of the Institute for Medicinal Plant Research "Dr Josif Pančić". The oil analysis is carried out using gas chromatography (GC/ FID) and gas chromatography / mass spectrometry (GC/ MS). The essential oil had the highest content of trans-b-farnesene  (46.69%), while the α-bisabolol and its oxides, azulene and chamazulene were found to be more than 1%. Itwas fortified that the chemical profile of the oil is not liable to Ph Eur 6.0. nor ISO 19332 standard.


essential oil; chamomile; Ph Eur 6.0; ISO 19332; trans-b-farnesene.

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ISSN 2560-3965 (Online)

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